MySQL is gearing up with its own high-availability Group Replication solution

Do It Yourself


MySQL does not support transaction savepoints, which also rules out the legacy mysqldump command with the --single-transaction parameter as a backup method. Thus, a backup solution for Group Replication would require either MySQL Enterprise Backup [5], which is available when you purchase an enterprise license from Oracle, or the free Percona XtraBackup [6] software. The query shown in Listing 1 discovers whether or not your server uses savepoints.

Listing 1

Testing for Savepoints

mysql> SELECT COUNT_STAR FROM performance_schema.events_statements_summary_global_by_event_name WHERE event_name LIKE "%/savepoint";
|          1 |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Hands On

The following sections demonstrate the installation and setup of MySQL Group Replication. The example starts with three MySQL 5.7.17 servers that do not house any data.

The settings described in Listing 2 must be enabled on all servers (in the /etc/my.cnf file). Global transaction IDs and binary logging are enabled, and all nodes that belong to the group need to be listed with the port used for Group Replication.

Listing 2

Configuration Settings

01 gtid_mode                         = ON
02 enforce_gtid_consistency          = ON
03 master_info_repository            = TABLE
04 relay_log_info_repository         = TABLE
05 binlog_checksum                   = NONE
06 log_slave_updates                 = ON
07 log_bin                           = binlog
08 binlog_format                     = ROW
09 transaction_write_set_extraction  = XXHASH64
10 plugin-load                       =
11 group_replication_group_name      = "aaaaaaaa-aaaa-aaaa-aaaa-aaaaaaabcdef"
12 group_replication_start_on_boot   = on
13 group_replication_group_seeds     = ",,"
14 group_replication_bootstrap_group = off

One block of settings needs to be different on each of the nodes, including the server ID, port (for client connections), and local address that has a port for group communications (Listing 3). Because synchronization of the nodes relies on the MySQL binary log infrastructure, an extra replication user also needs to be created (Listing 4).

Listing 3

Node-Specific Settings

port = 3306
group_replication_local_address = ""

Listing 4

Replication User

CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_USER='rpl', MASTER_PASSWORD='Rplpass1!' FOR CHANNEL 'group_replication_recovery';

You then start Group Replication on the first node, which, because it still cannot connect with other nodes, first enters bootstrap mode before starting:

SET GLOBAL group_replication_bootstrap_group=ON;
SET GLOBAL group_replication_bootstrap_group=OFF;

Even if all the servers you use are empty, you still need to transfer the dataset from the first server to the others with the help of a dump; otherwise, the global transaction IDs of the additional systems make it unnecessarily difficult to set up replication. To do this, create a dump on the first server:

mysqldump -uroot -p -A --triggers --routines --events > /tmp/instanz1.sql

Next, copy this dump to the other nodes and import it there:

mysql -uroot -p --init-command="RESET MASTER" < /tmp/instanz1.sql

Now the MySQL service must be started again on the respective nodes:

CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_USER='rpl', MASTER_PASSWORD='Rplpass1!' FOR CHANNEL 'group_replication_recovery';

You have now met all the requirements for starting Group Replication on the other nodes, and Group Replication is now running. Write queries are already allowed against the first node.


If the node fails, the system automatically selects a new node as the primary and allows writes there. If the failed node later returns to the group, it picks up the changes that accumulated in the meantime from one of the other nodes.

One pitfall remains: If the connection fails for some reason (e.g., because of a network failure), the server will work as a standalone system from that point on and thus accept write queries again, as such, which makes it impossible for the cluster to integrate the node without populating it with a completely new backup from one of the other nodes. A potential for improvement still exists, but as the first stable release, Group Replication left a good impression.

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