HTTP/1.1 versus HTTP/2 and HTTP/3


Long Path to the Browsers

Servers must do more than understand QUIC, so it follows that the clients also need to support HTTP/3. Because QUIC originates from Google, it is no surprise that Chrome already supports QUIC. Firefox also started offering experimental support in version 72 according to the definition published by the IETF. Microsoft Edge, which is now based on the open source Chromium project, has started the implementation work, which is currently available through Microsoft Edge Insider Canary Channel [6].


Today's standard for delivering web pages and applications is clearly HTTP/2. It solves the most serious problem of HTTP/1.1 – the HTTP head-of-line blocking – which required a client to wait until a request it had made was completed before it could make the next one. This bottleneck in turn caused massive delays, because today's web pages no longer comprise just a handful of files but load a huge volume of additional data. Administrators don't have to go to great lengths to get HTTP/2 up and running. Meanwhile, HTTP/3 is now in the starting blocks and brings with it the change from TCP to QUIC.

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